Islam before Pol Pot 1959

Despite being the minority, Cam people strictly observe their own culture and tradition. Their costume, language, way of life, hobbies and foods etc. are different from that of the Khmer Buddhists. Most of the Cam people live along the Mekong river and around Tonle Sap, with is suitable for fishing and other agricultural activities. Some of them are farmers, carpenters, business people while some are government employees. Their language is Cam and is spoken by all Muslim communities. Jawi alphabet is used for writing Cam language. Masjid or Musalla is the main center for religious education of the Shari'ah Law. The Khmer Islam follow the Sunni sect of Shafi'i School. Islamic practices such as Solat, Fasting, Zakat and religious ceremonies (Eid Al-Fitr, Eid Al-Adha) are performed at home and in the Masjid or Musalla. Some Cam students received scholarship to study in Al-Ahzar University in Egypt; some are graduates from Saudi Arabia, Malaysia and Thailand. The Khmer Islam maintain good relations with international Islamic communities. Muslim delegates had attended the International Islamic Conferences, the Recitation of Al Quran in Kuala Lumpur and perform the Hajj in the Makkah.

Before 1970, the number of Muslim people was approximately 700,000. There were 122 Masjid, 200 Musalla and about 300 Madrasa or Qur'anic schools.  The civil war which broke out in 1970 and lasted till 1975, brought turmoil and much suffering to the community. Once again the Cam and Malay people, together with the Khmer Buddhists, are forced to flee their homeland to neighboring countries like Thailand and Malaysia.