Political

Political System

The politics of Cambodia takes place in a frame work of a constitutional monarchy, where by the Prime Minister is the head of governmentandMonarch is head of state. The kingdom formally operates according to the nation's constitution (enacted in 1993) in a framework of a parliamentaryrepresentative democracyExecutive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in the two chambers of parliament, the National Assembly and the Senate.

The Prime Minister of Cambodia is a representative from the ruling party of the National Assembly. He or she is appointed by the King on the recommendation of the President and Vice Presidents of the National Assembly. In order for a person to become Prime Minister, he or she must first be given a vote of confidence by the National Assembly.

The Prime Minister is officially the Head of Government in Cambodia. Upon entry into office, he or she appoints a Council of Ministers who are responsible to the Prime Minister. Officially, the Prime Minister's duties include chairing meetings of the Council of Ministers (Cambodia's version of a Cabinet) and appointing and leading a government. The Prime Minister and his government make up Cambodia's executive branch of government.

The current Prime Minister is Cambodian People's Party (CPP) member Hun Sen. He has held this position since the criticized 1998 election, one year after the CPP staged a bloody coup in Phnom Penh to overthrow elected Prime Minister Prince Norodom Ranariddh, president of the FUNCINPEC party. Hun Sen has vowed to rule until he is 74. Hun Sen is a former Khmer Rouge member who defected and oversaw Cambodia's rise from the ashes of war. His government is regularly accused of ignoring human rights and suppressing political dissent. After the 2013 election results, disputed by Hun Sen's opposition, demonstrators were injured and killed in Cambodia in protests in the capital where a reported 20,000 protesters gathered, some clashing with riot police. From a humble farming background, Hun Sen was just 33 when he took power in 1985 and is now in the unenviable company of enduring dictators such as Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe and Kazakhstan's Nursultan Nazarbayev'

Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy. The present King, His Majesty NORODOM SIHAMONI, acceded to the throne on 29th October 2004.

The Constitution stipulates that Cambodia adopts a policy of liberal democracy and pluralism, and that the Cambodian people are masters of the country. The Constitution also sets out that the power of the Legislative, Executive and Judicial branches shall be separated. (Article 51)

The election of national Assembly for 5th mandate was held on 28th July 2013 in which Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) won 68 seats while Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) won 55 seats.

Above all, the CPP has formed the Royal Government; Samdach Akka Moha Sena Padei Techo HUN SEN has been elected as the PRIME MINISTER OF THE KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA.

Cambodia Political Parties

Currently represented in Parliament

No

Party Name

Leader

Ideology

Senate

National Assemly

1

Cambodian People party

Chea Sim

Non-

46 / 57

68 / 123

2

Cambodian National Rescue Party

Sam Raisy

Non-

11 / 57

55 / 123

Minor Parties

No

Name of Political Parties (Minor Parties)

Leader

Greated

1

United People of Cambodia

Sarath Oeum

2003

2

Society of Justice Party

Ban Sophal

2006

3

League for Democracy Party

Khem Veasna

2006

4

Khmer Republican Party

Lon Rith

2006

5

Khmer National Party of Cambodia

Sum Sitha

2004

6

Khmer Democratic Party

Uk Phourik

1998

7

Funcipec Party

Norodom Arun Raksmey

1981

8

Khmer Anti-Poverty Party

Daran Kravanh

2012

9

Khmer Economic Development Party

Houn Chamroeun

2012

10

Democratic Republic Party

Sovan Panhchak Seila

2012

11

Community of Royalist People’s Party

Norodom Ranariddh

2014

12

Cambodian National Party

Seng Sokheng

2012

13

Cambodian Democratic Society

Thorng Sovannara

2008